Glycolic acid is derived from sugar cane. This is the most popular. It has the smallest of all the acid molecules which helps penetrate deeper into the skin. It can be used with all skin types. Helps improve sun damage, fine lines and wrinkles, slough off dead skin cells, clean pores deep beneath the skins surface, and help the skin’s ability to hold in moisture, and last but not least can increase production of elastin and collagen, and remodels existing collagen. Sounds amazing, huh! Me too. No wonder it’s everyone’s favorite.
Lactic acid, which is derived from milk (No need to panic about milk allergies, most lactic acids are formulated in a lab, now cow needed). This too helps with skin’s moisture factors, fine lines and wrinkles, softens the skin by increasing elastin and collagen production, and helps with skin’s cellular turn over. Cleopatra used to take milk baths back in ancient times. No wonder her skin was so youthful and beautiful.
This is found in a variety of fruits and is a fabulous antioxidant. It’s second to citrus in molecular size. Typically this one gets blended with a salicylic acid for added benefit.
Salicylic acid is the most named ingredient that helps with acne. It is one of my favorite, tried and true warriors for the Acne war. It’s made from wintergreen, willow tree, and sweet birch. It is recommended for acne, as I mentioned, for its antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties, it’s ability to dissolve the top layer of dead skin cells and reduce clogged pores. It can stay in the skin for 5-7 days. It is oil loving, therefore it seeks out the oil and removes it. I appreciate this beneficial ingredient for those acne sufferers. Having astringent and antioxidant properties, with enhanced exfoliation capabilities, it also softens and invigorates the skin.